In the home

Group two

The group focusing on in the home heard balanced, accurate and comprehensive information about heat and energy use in the home.

A number of speakers took turns to address the group, and then the assembly members had an opportunity to question them at their tables. Some of the speakers were informants (they explain the range of views or options that exist on the topic) and some were advocates (they present their personal opinion, or the opinion of the organisation they work for.) Read more about how the speakers were selected here.

The group was asked to formulate views on what should be done to reach net zero by 2050 and how it should be done.

For what needs to be done, the assembly heard evidence on different ways of reducing emissions in the home, including:

  • Energy efficiency improvements
  • Demand reduction, through technology and behaviour change
  • Phase-out of fossil fuel use (gas, oil and coal) for heating, hot water and cooking
  • Zero carbon heating: heat pumps, hydrogen boilers
  • Zero carbon electricity

For how action should be taken, the assembly heard different views on who can implement changes, and what policies are needed, including:

  • Municipal and local authority-led approaches
  • Community and non profit approaches
  • Market led approaches
  • Heat as a service

The group also heard evidence on considerations around fairness.

Speaker briefings

Each speaker was provided with a brief from the Expert Leads on what their presentation should cover. You can read those briefings here.

Saturday 8th February


Professor Rebecca Willis, University of Lancaster, introduces the topic area livestream


Panel one livestream

Jenny Hill, Committee on Climate Change – going to introduce the panel and some of the key issues it will cover (informant)

Professor Nick Eyre, University of Oxford – ways to reduce the amount of heat and electricity we use in the home (informant)

Richard Lowes, UK Energy Research Centre - ways we could heat our homes with electricity in future (advocate)

Chris Clarke, Wales and West – ways we could heat our homes using hydrogen in future (advocate)


Assembly members prioritise their questions for later Q&A


Q&A with all panel speakers

Sunday 9th February


Panel two livestream

Professor Rebecca Willis, Lancaster University - an introduction to the panel (informant)

Polly Billington, UK100 - local area led approaches to making change happen (advocate)

Jonathan Atkinson, Carbon Co-op – Community and non-for-profit approaches to making change happen (advocate)


Assembly members prioritise their questions for later Q&A


Panel two continued livestream

Dan Alchin, Energy UK – role of the private sector (business) in making change happen (advocate)

Matthew Lipson, Catapult – the idea of selling heat as a service (advocate)

Dhara Vyas, Citizens’ Advice – how to ensure consumer protection and fairness (advocate)


Assembly members prioritise their questions for later Q&A


Q&A with all panel speakers